ASSASSINATIONS



ASSASSINATIONS 

When studying history and thats a strong element of why I write and what I see, I’m intrigued by the fact that,  “History repeats itself”.   Many times over and over again, and just about anything going on today can be factored to something in the past and again many times the outcome is the same.  So do we learn from the past or just ignore vital lessons?  Let’s delve in…

Assassination goes back to biblical times and if we wanted to reduce it to easy terms, things we readily understand, “ It is nothing but a tool for change”.


BIRTHRIGHT FOR SOME

Assassination is the murder of a prominent person, usually for political, religious, or monetary reasons.   An assassination may be prompted by religious, political or military motives. It is an act that may be done for financial gain, to avenge a grievance, from a desire to acquire fame or notoriety, or because of a military, security, insurgent or secret police group's command to carry out the homicide.  Acts of assassination have been performed since ancient times.  

The word assassin is often believed to derive from the word also “ hashishin, hashashiyyin, or assassins” and shares its etymological roots with hashish It referred to a group of Nizari Ismailis known as Assassins who worked against various political targets.  These folks were into hashish, drugs and thought of as invincible.  Born to assassinate.

Founded by Hassan-i Sabbah, the Assassins were active in the fortress of Alamut in Persia from the 8th to the 14th centuries, and later expanded by capturing forts in Syria. The group killed members of the Abbasid, Seljuq, Fatimid, and Christian Crusader elite for political and religious reasons.

Although it is commonly believed that Assassins were under the influence of hashish during their killings or during their indoctrination, there is debate as to whether these claims have merit, with many Eastern writers and an increasing number of Western academics coming to believe that drug-taking was not the key feature behind the name.


A TOOL
Assassination is one of the oldest tools of power politics. It dates back at least as far as recorded history.  In the Old Testament, King Joash of Judah was assassinated by his own servants;  Joab assassinated Absalom, King David’s son; and King Sennacherib of Assyria was assassinated by his own sons.

Obviously there are more than one or two ways to remove someone from public office or a position. Most drastic but sometimes the only way a message comes across is the assassination, also called an elimination or execution. An execution is an assassination with legal embellishments…sometimes.   

Assassinations, have no borders, no specific ethnicities, no barriers, no favorites… and very popular world wide.   In Wikipedia under “Assassinations”  you will not believe how many countries in this people sport. Few countries are absent.  This list is just the USA.

STALIN’S LEADERSHIP

One of the greatest entrepreneurs in assassination ( more angled to elimination was Stalin).   He was very busy fighting the Germans and little time nor patience for bullsh*t or time wasting long winded sessions with the Politburo ( Their Congress) while you had a few million NAZI’s on your doorstep shelling you.  Definitely taking things into his own hands.

For some like Stalin who believed he wrote the book on essential assassinations,  it was exactly to the point, a simple solution to a problem… not the righteous way, but very effective… Stalin thought if you get rid of the person or persons presenting the problem, the bonus was you got rid of the person, the problem itself and another benefit was no one else was going to bring it up again…  criminal, politics, sociological, prejudice didn’t matter it was all gone with the flick of his finger on the trigger of his  polished M1891 battle rifle colloquially known in the West as Mosin–Nagant.

It is a powerful five-shot, bolt-action, internal magazine–fed, military rifle used by the armed forces of the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and various other nations. It is one of the most mass-produced military bolt-action rifles in history with over 37 million units made and it has been used in various conflicts around the world up to the present day. 

It is primarily chambered for its original 7.62 × 54 MMR cartridge, very powerful in dimension, range, impact, and equal to a US 30/06.  In some cases  the powerful bullet eliminated five people placed back to belly in line with one cartridge.  He was frugal…he claimed it saved his bullets for Germans. He saved his country at the same time being as crazy and sick as Hitler.


CAUSES OF ASSASSINATIONS

Findings indicate that, in general, political assassinations are more probable in countries that suffer from a combination of restrictions on political competition and strong polarization and fragmentation.  ( This sounds like our Congress and the wannabe dictator presently in office in the White House.

More specifically, states that lack consensual political ethos and homogeneous populations (in terms of the national and ethnic landscape) and include politically deprived groups will face a decline in the legitimacy of the political leadership and the political system and an increase in the likelihood of direct attacks against political leaders. 

One of the most glaring examples of such a dynamic may be found in Sri Lanka, where the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, a group that represents the deprived Tamil minority, organized a bloody campaign of political assassinations against the political leadership of the state and the Sinhalese majority from the early 1980s until approximately 2009. 

And since these issues tend to be present mainly in times of electoral processes or of actual violent strife, one should not be surprised that our findings indicate that election periods or periods characterized by a general increase in domestic violence are moments when a country is more susceptible to political assassinations.

Another interesting finding is that the territorial fragmentation of a country is correlated with an increase in the number of assassinations. When a government loses control over some parts of a country to opposition groups, both sides are more willing to use assassinations to enhance their influence and to consolidate their status as the sole legitimate rulers of the polity.

When looking specifically at the facilitators of assassinations of heads of state, we can identify some unique trends. To begin with, the polities most susceptible to assassinations against the head of state are authoritarian polities that lack clear succession rules and in which the leader enjoys significant political power. This is true even more so in polities that also include oppressed minorities and high levels of political polarization. Therefore, non-democratic political environments that feature leaders who are able to garner significant power and in which the state lacks efficient mechanisms for leadership change following an assassination, provide more prospects for success in advancing political changes via political assassination. This stands in contrast to democratic systems, in which it is clear that the elimination of the head of state will have only a limited, long-term impact on the socio-political order.

Although heads of state represent what could be considered the crown jewel of political assassinations, lower-ranking political figures also face this threat. In this study, we specifically examined attacks against legislators and vice heads of state. Attacks against the latter are fairly rare and are usually intended to promote highly specific policy changes (related to areas under the responsibility of the vice head of state) or to prevent the vice head of state from inheriting the head of state position. 

Legislators, on the other hand, are most often victims of civil wars or similar violent domestic clashes in developing countries; in democracies they are almost never targeted.

To illustrate, no less than 34 Iranian legislators were assassinated in 1981, when the new revolutionary regime was consolidating its control over the country. Hence, assassinations of legislators are almost always a result of national-level conflicts rather than local ones, contrary to what some may suspect. Lastly, legislators’ assassinations are rarely perpetrated to promote specific policies or to gain access to the political process. In other words, the assassination of legislators should be considered more as acts of protest against an existing political order than political actions that are intended to promote specific political goals.

One of the unique features of this study, among others, is its focus on assassinations of political figures who are not part of governing platforms. Unlike other types of assassinations, the state is typically a major actor in the assassination in these cases. Consequently, it should not surprise us that opposition leaders are more likely to be targeted in authoritarian systems or in weak democracies, as the political environment in these types of regimes provides a space for the emergence of an opposition while also providing the ruling elites tools and legitimacy for oppressive measures against a “successful” opposition (e.g. Pakistan as well as many Latin American countries). It is also clear that opposition leaders are more vulnerable during violent domestic conflicts, when the number of opportunities, and maybe also the legitimacy, to act against them are on the rise.

ATCH04-07-2020 aljacobsladder.com